One of the most renowned and romantic stones of all, the diamond
has a rich and sparkling history. A symbol of eternal love famed
since ancient Greece, etymology denotes that the word diamond comes
from the Greek 'Adamas' meaning unconquerable, and so it is, as the
hardest of all gemstones.
The birthstone for April, these jewels are believed to increase
energy, detoxify the body from impurities, and bring you inner
courage. In shades varying from colourless, pale yellow to green,
red, pink and blue, diamonds are found in lots of colours across
South Africa, Australia, as well as Namibia, Russia and China. The
most prized, pure diamonds are colourless and all are composed
entirely of carbon.
They are graded by the 4 C's, carat weight, colour, clarity and
cut. Diamonds are faceted to display a unique combination of this
adamantine lustre and fire, displaying a higher degree of
dispersion than any other natural colourless gemstone. A high
degree of skill is required to ensure precision, proportion, and
precise facet edges, as well as sharp scintillation. A popular cut
is round brilliant, with 57 well-proportioned facets to show off
the optical effects of brilliance and dispersion, but there are
other cuts including square, pear, marquise and oval.